Comparison Guide : Angular vs React

While the Jury is still out on which is better – Comparison Guide : Angular vs React, let us have our own little discussion. When it comes to using tools for developing mobile apps, there can never be a best tool. Each one has its own benefits and drawbacks.

A feature that is advantageous in one situation may prove to be a drawback for another. So, there cannot be a definite outcome of our discussion, which would declare Angular vs React to be better framework.


But, if you look at both the frameworks from the perspective of situation at hand, you can decide which one would be better for your purpose. In fact, you should definitely decide which one would be better before starting mobile app development.

Leaving choice of the right framework to the last possible moment can unnecessarily increase development times.

Angular vs React – A Comparison Chart

ConditionAngularReact
Type of FrameworkJavaScript FrameworkJavaScript Library
Initial ReleaseSeptember 2016March 2013
LanguageTypeScriptJavaScript
DOMRealVirtual
LicensingMIT LicenseMIT License
Maintained ByGoogleFacebook
Learning CurveSteepFlat (Low)

Let us look at high points between Angular vs React frameworks to understand:

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Angular vs React – Architecture

When talking of Angular vs React, it boils down to framework vs library. While Angular is a full-fledged MVC framework, being a descendant of Angularjs, React is more like a library of UX components. It is only the V component of MVC.

You need to use other libraries for M and C components.
You can take it to be an advantage or disadvantage depending upon your preferences.

If you like things done your own way it is easier to add your own components/libraries to the React framework because of its minimalist approach. However, if you are using Angular, you must accommodate the pre-existing libraries.


If the app that you are developing needs libraries that are already available in Angular, it would make sense to use Angular. On the other hand, if the libraries that you need are not there in either Angular or React, you cannot really make a decision based on this criterion.


Angular bundles many components that a standard app might need, like routing, AJAX requests, forms, XSS protection, etc. On the other hand, React has minimal in-built features.

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This allows you to build those libraries yourself, tailored to your exact requirements. Or you can choose from wide range of libraries developed especially to be work with React.

Angular vs React – Language Expertise

When we are discussing Angular vs React in terms of language expertise, Angular uses TypeScript, which was released in 2012. Thus, it is a relatively new language and has small number of people using it.

React uses JavaScript which was released in 1995. So, it has larger number of developers using it. This means that if you have a larger community to reach out to in case of any issues.


Talking of languages, you also need to consider that JavaScript is a dynamically typed language whereas TypeScript is a statically typed language. Depending upon your love for either, you can choose the framework you want.

You do need to keep in mind that dynamically typed languages decrease development and testing times drastically. Statically typed languages tend to have more typos which needs time for debugging and fixing.

React vs Angular – Scalability

Angular is highly scalable due to its robust design and powerful command line interface. But React claims to be easier to test, which would make scaling easier too.

Angular vs React – Using Third Party Libraries

Typescript was Introduced by Google to counter the steep learning curve of JavaScript. However, when you include third party libraries, TypeScript becomes a headache.

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Definitions of all the libraries to be used must be there in TypeScript, as it is statically typed, which makes working with third party libraries a tad cumbersome.

Angular vs React – Licensing

Angular comes with free open source license, so companies would find it easier to adopt. Coming from Facebook, React started out with some patent clauses which was not suitable for many enterprises.

However, it was re-licensed under MIT license, making it accessible to all. But still you must read the finer points before choosing to use React.

Frameworks – Angular vs React

With mobile apps ruling the app development landscape, a discussion about developing mobile apps using Angular vs React is imperative. Both Angular and React have their own mobile app development frameworks.

Angular has ionic 2 and native script, whereas React has React native, next.js and React Sketchapp. Out of all these, React native is the best framework for developing mobile apps in terms of both ease of development and product performance.

This does not, however, means that other frameworks don’t work. Like the discussion at hand, it depends upon what you want to do, what your requirements are.

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Speed – Angular vs React

Considering the components between Angular vs React, Angular has, it takes time to load, especially on mobiles. In comparison, React was always sleek, and hence loaded faster.

After introduction of Fiber architecture in the second quarter of 2018, it loads blazingly fast. Even Angular 5, the latest version of Angular released in November 2017, does not come anywhere close to it.

Though, the emphasis of Angular 5.0.0 is to make Angular smaller but faster. If speed is important to you, React should be the chosen one.

Advantages & Advantages between Angular vs React

Advantages of Angular over React

As pointed out earlier, a discussion on Angular vs React cannot have a clear-cut winner as both have their own advantages and disadvantages. Here are some of the advantages of Angular over React:

  • As Angular is a complete MVC framework, developers are using it widely.
  • It has a strong support community. Which in turn raises demand among developers.
  • Angular is browser independent
  • Two-way data binding ensures that data is always in sync at all levels

Advantages of React over Angular

Let us flip sides now and see what are the benefits of React over Angular:

  • Lower learning curve
  • JSX allows HTML
  • Ideal for mobile app development
  • Uses JavaScript, which is an old, established and advanced language

Angular vs React – Which brands are using?

Angular FrameworkReact Framework
GoogleFacebook
ForbesWhatsApp
SonyInstagram
General MotorsUber
NikeNetflix
UpworkDropbox
HBOAirbnb
NASAPayPal
AWSFlipkart

Angular vs React – When to use what

ScenarioPlatform (Angular vs React)
If you want to have a complete frameworkAngular
If you want to have flexibility of choosing librariesReact
If you want the capability to reuse codeAngular
If you want a blitzkrieg-like speedReact
If you need to have lots of templates in your appAngular
If your app has many dynamic contentsReact
If you need strong server-side renditionAngular

Conclusion

Stephen Covey said that there are three constants in life – change, choice and principles. It applies to frameworks like React and Angular too.

As they keep changing continuously, you must choose to work with them depending on the basic principles discussed just now.

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In last, which is the best framework for your mobile app will also depends on your app requirements and the experience of the chosen mobile app development company.

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